Home Fascicolo n.2/2005 Bibliografia
Stretching: una visione critica
pubblicato nel Marzo - Aprile 2005 in Sport&Medicina - fascicolo n.2


  1. Anderson B. The perfect pre-run stretching routine. Runners Word. 1978; 13(5): 56-61.

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  3. Heyward VH. Designs for fitness. Minneapolis: Burgess Publishing Co; 1984.

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  5. Alter MJ. Ciência della flexibilidade. Porto Alegre (Brasil): Artmed Ed ; 1999.

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  13. Furst DO, Osborn M, Nave R et al. The organisation of titin filaments in the half-sarcomere revealed by monoclonal antibodies in immunoelectron microscopy: A map of ten non repetitive epitopes starting at the Z-line extends close to the M-line. J Cell Biol. 1988; 106(5): 1563-72. (Full text).

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  35. Kudina L. Reflex effects of muscle afferents on antagonists studies on single firing motor units in man. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1980; 50(3-4): 214-21.

  36. De Luca CJ. Control properties of motor units. J Exp Biol. 1985; 115: 125-36.

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  39. Manheim CJ, Levett DK. The myofascial release manual. Thorofare NJ: Slack Ed.; 1989.

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  44. Goldspink G. Sarcomere length during-post natal growth in mammalian muscle fibres. J Cell Sci. 1968; 3(4): 468-79. (No abstract).

  45. Cometti G, Ongaro L, Alberti G. Stretching e performance sportiva, Sols 2004; 60: 47-59.

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  47. Halbertsma JPK, Göeken LNH. Stretching exercises: Effect on passive extensibility and stiffness in short hamstring of healty subjects. Arch of Phys Med and Rehabil. 1994; 75(9): 976-81.

  48. Halbertsma JPK, Van Bolhuis AI, Göeken LNH. Stretching exercises: Effect on passive extensibility and stiffness of short hamstring. Arch of Phys Med and Rehabil. 1996; 77(7): 688-92.

  49. Akeson WH, Amiel D, Woo S. Immobility effects on synovial joints. The pathomechanism of joint contracture. Biorheology 1980; 17(1): 95-110.

  50. Nikolic V, Zimmermann B. Functional changes of the tarsal bones of ballet dancers. Radovi Fakuelteta u Zagrebu. 1968; 16: 131-46.

  51. Rosenbaum D, Hennig EM. The influence of stretching and warm-up exercises on Achilles tendon reflex activity. J Sports Sci 1995; 13(6): 481-90.

  52. Siff MC. Exercise and soft tissues. Fitness Sport Rev Internat 1993; 28(1): 32.

  53. Iashvili AV. Active and passive flexibility in athletes specializing in different sports. Soviet Sports Rev. 1983; 18(1): 30-2.

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  55. Kurz T. Stretching Scientifically: a guide to flexibility training. Island Pond: Stadion Publishing Company, Inc.; 1994.

  56. Moore MA, Kukulka CG. Depression of Hoffman reflexes following voluntary contraction and implication for propioceptive neuromuscular facilitation therapy. Phys Ther. 1991; 71(4): 321-33.

  57. Moore MA, Hutton RS. Electromyographic investigation of muscle stretching techniques. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1980; 12(5): 322-9.

  58. Campbell KS, Lakie M. A cross-bridge mechanism can explain the thixotropic short-range elastic component of relaxed frog skeletal muscle. J Physiol 1998; 510 (Pt 3): 941-62. (Full text)

  59. Guissard N, Duchateau J, Hainaut K. Muscle stretching and motoneuron excitability. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 1988; 58(1-2): 47-52.

  60. Condon SM, Hutton RS. Soleus muscle electromyographic activity and ankle dorsiflexion range of motion during four stretching procedures. Phys Ter 1987; 67(1): 24-30.

  61. Freiwald J, Engelhardt M, Jager M et al. Stretching do current explanatory models suffice? Sportverletz Sportschaden 1998; 12(2): 54-9.

  62. Middleton P, Trouve P, Puig P. Etude critique des rapports agonistes/antagonistes concentriques chez le sportif. Actualités en rééducation fonctionnelle. Milano: Masson Ed.; 1994; 19° serie; 18-21.

  63. Armstrong RB. Initial events in exercise induced muscular injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1990; 22: 429-37.

  64. Cuillo JV, Zarins B. Biomechanics of the musculotendinous unit: relation to athletic performance and injury. Clin Sports Med 1983; 2(1): 71-86. (No abstract available)

  65. Garrett WE Jr. Muscle strain injury: clinical and basic aspects. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1990; 22(4): 439-43.

  66. Roy RR, Hutchinson DJ, Pierotti JA et al. EMG patterns of rat ankle extensor and flexors during treadmill locomotion and swimming. J Appl Physiol 1991; 70: 2522-9.

  67. Stauber WT. Eccentric action of muscles: physiology, injury and adaptation. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 1989; 17: 157-85.

  68. Elftman H. Biomechanics of muscle with particular application to studies of gait.
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  69. Garrett WE Jr, Safran MR, Seaber AV et al. Biomechanical comparison of stimulated and nonstimulated skeletal muscle pulled to failure. Am J Sports Med. 1987; 15(5): 448-54.

  70. Brewer BJ. Instructional Lecture American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 1960; 17: 354-8.

  71. Friden J, Lieber RL. Structural and mechanical basis of exercise-induced muscle injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1992; 24(5): 521-30.

  72. Lexell J, Henriksson-Larsen K, Sjostrom M. Distribution of different fibre types in human skeletal muscles. 2. A study of cross-sections of whole m. vastus lateralis. Acta Physiol Scand. 1983; 117(1): 115-22.

  73. Russell B, Dix DJ, Haller DL. Repair of injured skeletal muscle: a molecular approach. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1992; 24(2): 189-96.

  74. Taylor DC, Dalton JD Jr, Seaber AV. Experimental muscle strain injury. Early functional and structural deficits and the increased risk for reinjury. Am J Sports Med. 1993 Mar-Apr;21(2): 190-4.

  75. Tidball JG. Myotendinous junction injury in relation to junction structure and molecular composition. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 1991; 19: 419-45. (No abstract available).

  76. van Mechelen W, Hlobil H, Kemper HC et al. Prevention of running injuries by warm-up, cool down, and stretching exercises. Am J Sports Med 1993; 21(5): 711-9.

  77. Pope RP, Herbert RD, Kirwan J. Effects of ankle dorsiflexion range and pre-exercise calf muscle stretching on injury risk in Army recruits. Aust J Physiother 1998; 44(3): 165-72.

  78. Pope RP, Herbert R, Kirwan JD et al. A randomized trial of preexercise stretching for prevention of lower-limb injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000; 32(2): 271-7.

  79. Magnusson SP, Aagaard P, Simonsen E et al. A biomechanical evaluation of cyclic and static stretch in human skeletal muscle. Int J Sports Med 1998; 19(5): 310-6.

  80. Shrier I. Stretching before exercise does not reduce the risk of local injury: a critical review of the clinical and basic science literature. Clin J Sports Med 1999; 9(4): 221-7.

  81. Travell JG, Simmons DG. Dolore muscolare. Milano: Ghedini Editore; 1988.

  82. Wiemann K, Klee A. Stretching e prestazioni sportive di alto livello. SdS 2000; 49: 9-15.

  83. Kokkonen J, Nelson AG, Cornwell A. Acute muscle stretching inhibits maximal strength performance. Res Quart Exerc and Sports 1998; 69(4): 411-5.

  84. Fowles JR, Sale DG, MacDougall JD. Reduced strength after passive stretch of human plantarflexors. J Appl Physiol 2000; 89(3): 1179-88. (Full text).

  85. Nelson AG, Guillory IK, Cornwell C et al. Inhibition of maximal voluntary isokinetic torque production following stretching is velocity-specific. J Strength Cond Res 2001; 15(2): 241-6.

  86. Nelson AG, Kokkonen J. Acute ballistic muscle stretching inhibits maximal strength performance. Res Q Exerc Sport 2001; 72(4): 415-9.(No abstract available)

  87. Henning E, Podzielny S. Die Auswirkung von dehn – und Aufwärmübungen auf die Vertikalsprungleistung. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin 1994; 45: 253-60.

  88. Knudson D, Bennet K, Corn R, Leick D et al. Acute effects of stretching are not evident in the kinematics of vertical jump. J Strength Condit Res 2001; 15(1): 98-101.

  89. Church JB, Wiggins MS, Moode FM et al. Effect of warm-up and flexibility treatments on vertical jump performance. J Strength Cond Res 2001; 15(3): 332-6.

  90. Cornwell A, Nelson AG, Sidaway B. Acute effect of stretching on the neuromechanical properties of the triceps surae muscle complex. Eur J Appl Physiol 2002; 86: 428-34.

  91. Güllich A, Schmidtbleicher D. Methodik des Krafttrainings. In: Siewers M, Muskelkrafttraining Vol 1. Kiel: CAU (Universität); 2000; 17-71.

  92. Evans WJ, Cannon JG. The metabolic effect of exercise-induced muscle damage. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 1991; 19: 99-125.

  93. Ullrich K, Gollhofer A. Physiologische Aspekte und Effektivitat unterschiedlicher Dehnmethoden. Sportmedizin 1994; 45: 336-45.

  94. Lieber RL, Shah S, Friden J. Cytoskeletal disruption after eccentric contraction-induced muscle injury. Clin Orthop 2002; (403 Suppl): S90-99.

  95. Johanson PH, Lindstrom L, Sundelin G et al. The effects of preexercise stretching on muscular soreness, tenderness and force loss following heavy eccentric exercise. Scand J Med Sci Sports 1999; 9(4): 219-25.

  96. Wessel J, Wan A. Effect of stretching on the intensity of delayed-onset muscle soreness. Clin J Sports Med. 1994; 4(2): 83-7.

  97. Buroker KC, Schwane JA. Does post exercise static stretching alleviate delayed muscle soreness? Physician Sportsmed 1989; 17(6): 65-83.